How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone

  • Zverejnené Pred 13 dňami

    TED-EdTED-Ed

    trvanie: 5:32

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    In 1960, Frances Kelsey was one of the Food and Drug Administration’s newest recruits. Before the year was out, she would begin a fight that would save thousands of lives - though no one knew it at the time. Andrea Tone explains how Kelsey was able to prevent a massive national public health tragedy by privileging facts over opinions, and patience over short-cuts.
    Lesson by Andrea Tone, animation by TED-Ed.
    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Claudia Mayfield, Justus Berberich, Pavel Zalevskiy, Yankai Liu, Duo Xu, Ghassan Alhazzaa, Miloš Stevanović, Joy Love Om, Gi Nam Lee, Shawn Quichocho, Simone Kidner, Anika Westburg, Barun Padhy, Brandy Jones, Devin Harris, Tony Trapuzzano, Stephen Michael Alvarez, Tom Lee, Juliana, Jason Weinstein, Kris Siverhus, Alexander Walls, Annamaria Szilagyi, Morgan Williams, Abhijit Kiran Valluri, Mandeep Singh, Sama aafghani, سلطان الخليفي, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Marvin Vizuett, Jayant Sahewal, Quinn Shen, Caleb ross, Elizabeth Cruz, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Gaurav Rana, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Dan Paterniti, Jerome Froelich, Tyler Yoshizumi, Martin Stephen, Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Benjamin & Shannon Pinder, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, and Sage Curie.

    TED  TED-Ed  Teded  Ted Education  TED Ed  Andrea Tone  Frances Kelsey  Food and Drug Administration  public health  medicine  thalidomide  drug  pregnancy  babies  hero  scientific breakthrough  women in STEM  

TED-Ed
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Pred 13 dňami
TheSassi42
TheSassi42

lalla jha I don't understand. Why.is this video political. I thought it was about a scientist/doctor.

Pred 9 dňami
lalla jha
lalla jha

Tedx stop using it for political benefits. It's a learning organization not a political one.

Pred 9 dňami
TheSassi42
TheSassi42

TED-Ed The title is not chosen very well... The health crisis already happend. She averted it from spreading to the US and more countries. But saying she averted it could come over belittling to the health crisis that already happened, if the word is interpreted wrongly. I would recommend «averted it from the US» or similar.

Pred 9 dňami
miguel Saavedra
miguel Saavedra

phoenixkhost kd,wlöwylsodosls w Pkw 101a A a

Pred 9 dňami
miguel Saavedra
miguel Saavedra

phoenixkhost kd,wlöwylsodosls w Pkw 101a A

Pred 9 dňami
Hershel Katz
Hershel Katz

she's so cool

Pred 2 hodinami
xxthecapitalistxx
xxthecapitalistxx

Maybe women are naturally more atracted to some jobs, and men to others.

Pred 20 hodinami
Elizabeth Brennan
Elizabeth Brennan

I was going to say the same thing. Well said.

Pred 18 hodinami
will k
will k

If drugs are associated with harm, then why is weed illegal. And why do you have to make this video a gender issue, if a female wants to do a stem subject she can, THERE IS NO BARRIER in the way of her getting any sort of work in that field

Pred 22 hodinami
Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman
Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman

Im not american so this is the first time i heard bout her.phew i was so worried that she would not get the recognition she deserved as i watch it at the early part..bravo!

Pred dňom
ElGringo
ElGringo

“The only reason more women aren’t in stem fields is because of patriarchy” has better not be in any of those videos if TED wants me to keep taking them seriously. Fingers crossed

Pred dňom
Mark Smith
Mark Smith

Scientifically train bureaucrat. The FDA is a bureaucracy- sometimes behaving more bureaucratically and sometimes being out of control organisation.

Pred 2 dňami
driftster99
driftster99

0:57 that fade though 👌

Pred 2 dňami
winnkey
winnkey

This was a great possitive story one which needs to be told in this day and age where we are having a resurgence of drugs trying to be rushed through the process with dodgy science. I was about to share but your shoehorn political push which was already covered by your narrative tarnished this for me. I have nothing against your desire to diversify the field of stem. Diverse people, equal diverse thinking and that is always a possitive in science. Its just i clicked on this and wished to share this because of a strong story about the revolution of a field, but then you made me have to then also share a political statement as well.... i didnt want to make a strong political statement. I wanted to share a strong story

Pred 2 dňami
Brendan Goosen
Brendan Goosen

Why would you turn this into a gender thing? So annoying! Get over yourselves! it's 2018 FFS

Pred 2 dňami
Devan S.
Devan S.

Then people in 2018 take it too far and we get anti-vacciners. uneducated people lead to uneducated research, educated people lead to life saving research.

Pred 3 dňami
Kate Hu
Kate Hu

I was loving the video until that gender commentary... ANYONE who stands their ground as a gatekeeper against a nuerotoxin should be lauded. That's all that matters. We need more like Frances not because she is a she but because she is a person of good morale.

Pred 3 dňami
SR Creative Media
SR Creative Media

Maybe there is not equality of outcomes in STEM because men and women don't want the exact same thing. But I see nothing but equality of opportunities being presented now... even back in the 1950s... She worked hard and got what she worked for and made a difference.

Pred 3 dňami
random guy
random guy

Maybe women are underrepresented in STEM because less women want to take STEM then men - just like the inverse for, say, nursing.

Pred 3 dňami
Tak Tsing
Tak Tsing

I really feel the pressure she faced, especially when German had already approved the use.

Pred 3 dňami
Christian Prepper
Christian Prepper

*UNLESS YOU PAY the FDA ENOUGH MONEY or KNOW the RIGHT PEOPLE!* 3:57 Then they turn a blind eye or attack the competition of well funded pharmaceutical companies.

Pred 3 dňami
Katen Cyan
Katen Cyan

I love hearing stories about great scientists!

Pred 3 dňami
TheNinjaMarmot
TheNinjaMarmot

She would have been on PETA.'s hitlist despite saving many human lives at the expense of animals

Pred 4 dňami
Ryan Wei
Ryan Wei

am i the only one who noticed she graduated high school at 15

Pred 4 dňami
Jonah Safern
Jonah Safern

Oh, good GOD! They just *had* to make it about feminism and women's supposed inequalities, didn't they?

Pred 4 dňami
Velcon X13
Velcon X13

This is amazing that u actually found thus

Pred 4 dňami
Bella B
Bella B

We was all born for a reason.

Pred 4 dňami
Dank Paradox
Dank Paradox

Women are not "unrepresented in STEM fields." They simply choose areas like nursing and business more frequently and men choose areas like physics and engineering more frequently. What's in these studies simply show the result of men and women's free choices. Good video other than the common misconception that the reason women don't join STEM is because they're persuaded not to

Pred 5 dňami
Lisa Mae Gilbert
Lisa Mae Gilbert

101 years! Wow! 👏👏👏

Pred 5 dňami
Kyori Nicks
Kyori Nicks

Wage gap doesn't exist us men must protect ourselves from feminism. 1 min later FBI OPEN UP!

Pred 5 dňami
Captain Doom
Captain Doom

And to think, if she didn't get the job, there would be a HUGE national health issue ALONGSIDE the news and mainstream media.

Pred 5 dňami
Løvely Lady
Løvely Lady

Sis was getting her education 👏👏👏

Pred 5 dňami
Chidz Hustle
Chidz Hustle

That’s funny, when I studied Thalidomide in school they never mentioned Kelsey, I understand it wasn’t relevant to the course but she was a massive reason it never spread in the US

Pred 6 dňami
DPowered Smith
DPowered Smith

She would be fired or ignored thinking that way now

Pred 6 dňami
Jad Sayegh
Jad Sayegh

McGill pride!

Pred 6 dňami
MindTech
MindTech

wwowowowowwwowowowow

Pred 6 dňami
John Marshall
John Marshall

Dr. Helen B. Taussig was one that stopped thalidomide in USA

Pred 6 dňami
Elliander Eldridge
Elliander Eldridge

Unfortunately, "evidence based policies " seem to be less and less the case, with the precautionary principle rarely being applied. In one 90s case, a genetically modified organism was developed to cheaply produce fuel from useless biomass, namely the part of crops not used after a harvest. The FDA required that tests be conducted in sterile conditions, which demonstrated safety and it was approved. Then, during the peer review process, a sample was tested at a German University under real world conditions where it was quickly discovered that it spreads into the soil, persists such that the Earth would havto be cooked several feet down to remove, and kills living plants to then convert to fuel. Had this been released we'd be looking at a worst case scenario, and all because the FDA doesn't accept tests under real conditions. Or course, after this was published the FDA withdrew their approval. It's been a very long time since I read about it and I can't remember much more about it, but it was very interesting. And no, I don't actually oppose genetic engineering being that I major in genetics, but I do think more needs to be done to ensure safety.

Pred 6 dňami
Cry Whit
Cry Whit

The FDA needs to pull her out of retirement, and rehire her. Somebody over there is slipping up...

Pred 6 dňami
Devilmonkey
Devilmonkey

She died 3 years ago at 101 years old. So that might be hard to do.

Pred 6 dňami
D D
D D

She lived 101 years

Pred 6 dňami
Terd Ferguson
Terd Ferguson

Because most women chose the easy way. Like Gender Studies instead of stem cell research, lol.

Pred 6 dňami
xXevilsmilesXx
xXevilsmilesXx

had me up till the end. Virtue signaling is the antithesis of everything the video supported. You just under-cut this amazing story with gender politics.

Pred 6 dňami
Anthony Flores
Anthony Flores

Starkweather, homicide, children of thalidomide bew...bee...dow..dow

Pred 6 dňami
Chris F
Chris F

she showed character by doing what is right and saveing the babies from deth and defects over submitting to all the pressure those people put on her to aproove there drug

Pred 6 dňami
fyukfy
fyukfy

There are less women in STEM because women don't want to be in STEM

Pred 6 dňami
KaidaCestro
KaidaCestro

Damn 1930 was brutal to women

Pred 6 dňami
M P
M P

I wonder what domestically made alernatives she saw approved instead of thalidomide and what was the offer she couldnt refuse

Pred 7 dňami
Ella Aston
Ella Aston

What does STEM mean ?

Pred 7 dňami
jonas andersson
jonas andersson

what's STEM?

Pred 7 dňami
jonas andersson
jonas andersson

thanks

Pred 5 dňami
Devilmonkey
Devilmonkey

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Pred 6 dňami
Joey Prette
Joey Prette

This video was great... Until they spewed some left propaganda at the end. (Also, before you reply I'm not saying that only the left does this. I am merely stating my distaste for how TED uses its influence for political gain. And my opinion would be the same if a person or an organization did the same on the right) Anyways, good on her, and dang... I wanna live that long, she clearly did something right!

Pred 7 dňami
Debra Timms
Debra Timms

44bebea 1108debra ok 44bebea 1108debra pat 44bebea 1108debra ok 44bebea ok yes 3pm pat 44bebea jpsdebra

Pred 7 dňami
Robby S
Robby S

03:21-03:32 is a pretty blatant example of why we NEED government oversight.

Pred 7 dňami
Devilmonkey
Devilmonkey

Exactly. I'd rather have a government that I can control than a company that can fleece me.

Pred 6 dňami
Tsubaki Turtle Cannon
Tsubaki Turtle Cannon

Peer....sona!

Pred 7 dňami
AGRADONTÉ
AGRADONTÉ

This is cool because prevention is better than cure

Pred 7 dňami
Alexander Schwartz
Alexander Schwartz

This was beautiful till the agenda at the end rolled in, if you want a job in STEM go get it... stop blaming men

Pred 7 dňami
wasabi
wasabi

I got goosebumps

Pred 7 dňami
zaimah Begum-Diamond
zaimah Begum-Diamond

Go Frances. Wish I had your courage.

Pred 7 dňami
ThomasKT
ThomasKT

not all heroes wear capes, some wear lab coats instead

Pred 7 dňami
Bob BS
Bob BS

Cool animation

Pred 7 dňami
AppleAmor
AppleAmor

She probably lived to 101 because she didn't take all those drugs

Pred 7 dňami
Frank The Dank Plank
Frank The Dank Plank

It was actually 2 scientists

Pred 7 dňami
M.C wolf Phoenix
M.C wolf Phoenix

I just finished watching so many vine videos, so everything is so funny to me right now!!

Pred 7 dňami
BOBS YEAH
BOBS YEAH

101 years LOL

Pred 7 dňami
Newbytooby
Newbytooby

Why does the “moral of the story” have to be about how one women did it and it’s because she’s a women that it happened? Why can’t it be about how a strong willed individual stuck with their gut instinct and stood up for what she believed was right?

Pred 7 dňami
Julia Rhoden
Julia Rhoden

I really like this video and how they don't make it seem like an accident that she did something good like some other channels do when they talk about women.

Pred 7 dňami
Prakash Aryal
Prakash Aryal

President Trump has now signed a bill called as "Right to Try" Bill.That basically says that you have right to use certain drug even if it dont has FDA approval. So, Good luck with that. Republicans are pro-business, bad or good.

Pred 8 dňami
Ao Li
Ao Li

Sounds like you can choose not to so...

Pred 7 dňami
R. Downgrade
R. Downgrade

((Starting off, yes, Andrea Tone did a good thing and this isn't a gripe on *HER* . Okay? Okay.)) Why were extra laws, by Congress no less, implemented when Ms. Tone here clearly demonstrated that she was enough? If anything, why was the FDA restructuring it's own rules to have without Congress meddle? I mean, did I not watch the same video everyone else did? Because she did here job right, Congress made more laws that her doing her job right already covered. Does no one else see how willfully and foolishly redundant that is?

Pred 8 dňami
Lammy Lams
Lammy Lams

My issue with this video is I do not feel it paints a big enough picture of the damage thalidomide did in other countries, including mine, Australia. Yes, the title includes the phrase "a national crisis", and one can assume that it'll be about the US, based on the narrator's accent alone (if not the US's domination of all media), however, there are still people alive today who have suffered terribly because Australia didn't have a Frances Kelsey, as, obviously no other country did. I feel it's slightly insulting to dedicate 6-7 seconds on those people, their families, and the lawyers who have fought for their compensation. As well as, ultimately, not giving Frances Kelsey enough credit for avoiding all the heartbreak, disharmony, and legal sagas that other countries have faced.

Pred 8 dňami
Schiff Granger
Schiff Granger

_Thank God FDA backed this. Good job Kelsey!_

Pred 8 dňami
frawding
frawding

Nice video. Simply answer to the Women in STEM question: it's simply because women don't want to.

Pred 8 dňami
migaca
migaca

tham medics they live forever (101)

Pred 8 dňami
Arushi Aishwarya
Arushi Aishwarya

I'm so glad the FDA backed her up :)

Pred 8 dňami
LittleArmyNut
LittleArmyNut

Lol she was right the whole time and people thought she was wrong and then karma struck with birth defects

Pred 8 dňami
Blake Pfitzner
Blake Pfitzner

+LittleArmyNut well only her fellow scientists knew about her no one believed her because no one knew there was that possibility of birth defects

Pred 8 dňami
LittleArmyNut
LittleArmyNut

Blake Pfitzner Karma towards the other people that didnt believe her not the scientists

Pred 8 dňami
Blake Pfitzner
Blake Pfitzner

I'm sorry but how is a mother with a child with birth defects karma towards the medical scientists (or whatever they were I don't remember what they said)

Pred 8 dňami
Vuph 2
Vuph 2

Press F to pay respect

Pred 8 dňami
Enrico Tessadro
Enrico Tessadro

Of course this is a 5 minutes video and many details on her story can't be told in such a short time frame, but surely she is an inspiring examples. I personally believe that work ethics and scientific facts importance are highly underestimated nowadays.

Pred 8 dňami
Iftekhar Ahmed
Iftekhar Ahmed

wow hats off !

Pred 8 dňami
Khianne Geriane
Khianne Geriane

I couldn't agree more about the gender issue for women in STEM professions. I find it difficult to find a job overseas though I am qualified for it. My application is always disapproved as they we're requesting men for that certain job. I am an architect btw.

Pred 8 dňami
omgidkwh atimdoing
omgidkwh atimdoing

that last thing about women n stem is an easy thing to answer. Stem is hard, women in a more general sense don't want to do hard things. At least that's where all the signs point.

Pred 8 dňami
Toriqul Islam Shimanto
Toriqul Islam Shimanto

Respect 👏👏👏👏

Pred 8 dňami
Libby O'Dwyer
Libby O'Dwyer

no wonder she lived to be over 100

Pred 8 dňami
Matthew Ferrara
Matthew Ferrara

Does nursing count as stem?

Pred 8 dňami
Trevor Manning
Trevor Manning

Someone Please sub to this channel https://youtu.be/xVXK0sGme6w

Pred 8 dňami
Trevor Manning
Trevor Manning

Please sub to this channel https://youtu.be/xVXK0sGme6w

Pred 8 dňami
Trevor Manning
Trevor Manning

Please sub to this channel https://youtu.be/xVXK0sGme6w

Pred 8 dňami
Spuds Potato
Spuds Potato

I want to like it for Frances Kelsey, but they had to make it political. 🙄

Pred 8 dňami
Hegeleze
Hegeleze

Instead of focusing on HOW her reasoning was done or WHAT the problem was, you created a puff piece which tries to commend the fact that the person happens to be female. The focus should always be the science and the reasoning, never the gender of the person doing the reasoning. Trite propaganda per usual.

Pred 8 dňami
Hai Dinh
Hai Dinh

She’s brilliant. But the title gives her too much credit! How about the FDA’s leaders who back her decision? The researchers or reporters who later pointed out that drug is bad. It’s not one-person job. A click-bait indeed.

Pred 8 dňami
Peyton Woeller
Peyton Woeller

Hi TED-Ed! This really inspired me and my girlfriend. Were both in sixth grade going to seventh and we were both asked to be apart of a college STEM program. We had to take Manu tests and we can have our associates degree before we graduate highschool and I was even offered a scholorship for the program. This imspired us because it shows that if we work had we can make a difference. You guys impact so many lives for the better and I want to thank you.

Pred 8 dňami
Brenna Seah
Brenna Seah

Thalidomide is still used but under Orphan Drug. If I remember correctly from class, it is used to treat cancer now.

Pred 8 dňami
Blind Bob
Blind Bob

I actually went to School with A few thalidomide kids, the deformities were just horrific. My mother took it for morning sickness The sibling before me aborted, I might have had another sibling. but I do know my parents are hiding something.. but don't know what......

Pred 8 dňami
nightingale mori
nightingale mori

For the question at the end. It's because not a lot of women prefer to work in stem fields comparing all women who work and get paid to those in stem fields is unjust and pushing women into a job they may not want but feel obligated to.

Pred 8 dňami
Sai Gungurthi
Sai Gungurthi

Women are underrepresented in STEM because there are more men who find STEM appealing than women.

Pred 8 dňami
bush did creation club
bush did creation club

Godamn it you can't force women into stem

Pred 8 dňami
andrew angel
andrew angel

Cute. I love ted ed

Pred 8 dňami
biggie red2978
biggie red2978

thank God for her and other scientists for finding out the truth about thalidomide

Pred 8 dňami
John Keith
John Keith

Thank god for heroes like Andrea Tone! She should run for president...

Pred 8 dňami
Erik Sparr
Erik Sparr

That’s some amazing animation! The video was incredible too!

Pred 8 dňami
Gabriel Thompson
Gabriel Thompson

She is epic

Pred 8 dňami
You would ignore me in real life
You would ignore me in real life

I read somewhere that the birth defects in those babies was caused due to one enantiomer of thalidomide. I was wondering if that information is legitimate.

Pred 8 dňami
røςkzzz φαυrαν
røςkzzz φαυrαν

Plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz make a video on masturbation

Pred 9 dňami
Packless1
Packless1

...unsung heroes...!

Pred 9 dňami
FlyingFree333
FlyingFree333

Women outnumber men in universities, nobody is preventing them from entering STEM fields, they are just less interested in them than men, on average.

Pred 9 dňami
MrSqueak Squeak
MrSqueak Squeak

641 thumbs-down! Why? What's wrong with people like you?

Pred 9 dňami
Diatsu
Diatsu

Oppenheimer - How one scientist caused a global crisis forever.

Pred 9 dňami
Awesome Andy
Awesome Andy

This is such an inspiring story. I am so thankful that Frances Oldham Kelsey managed to inform people about the dangerous side effects of the drug thalidomide. Without her millions of precious lives could have been lost. God bless her.

Pred 9 dňami

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