How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone

  • Zverejnené Pred 4 mesiacmi

    TED-EdTED-Ed

    trvanie: 5:32

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    In 1960, Frances Kelsey was one of the Food and Drug Administration’s newest recruits. Before the year was out, she would begin a fight that would save thousands of lives - though no one knew it at the time. Andrea Tone explains how Kelsey was able to prevent a massive national public health tragedy by privileging facts over opinions, and patience over short-cuts.
    Lesson by Andrea Tone, animation by TED-Ed.
    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Claudia Mayfield, Justus Berberich, Pavel Zalevskiy, Yankai Liu, Duo Xu, Ghassan Alhazzaa, Miloš Stevanović, Joy Love Om, Gi Nam Lee, Shawn Quichocho, Simone Kidner, Anika Westburg, Barun Padhy, Brandy Jones, Devin Harris, Tony Trapuzzano, Stephen Michael Alvarez, Tom Lee, Juliana, Jason Weinstein, Kris Siverhus, Alexander Walls, Annamaria Szilagyi, Morgan Williams, Abhijit Kiran Valluri, Mandeep Singh, Sama aafghani, سلطان الخليفي, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Marvin Vizuett, Jayant Sahewal, Quinn Shen, Caleb ross, Elizabeth Cruz, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Gaurav Rana, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Dan Paterniti, Jerome Froelich, Tyler Yoshizumi, Martin Stephen, Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Benjamin & Shannon Pinder, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, and Sage Curie.

    TED  TED-Ed  Teded  Ted Education  TED Ed  Andrea Tone  Frances Kelsey  Food and Drug Administration  public health  medicine  thalidomide  drug  pregnancy  babies  hero  scientific breakthrough  women in STEM  

TED-Ed
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Arnav Kelkar
Arnav Kelkar

TED-Ed (

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Nesiah Coward
Nesiah Coward

I love this channel because your illustrations are magnificent and your commentators have such soothing voices. There are things that I have learned from this channel, which helps me so much in school. Its amazing, thank you so much.

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Simrah
Simrah

TED-Ed Hello

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TheSassi42
TheSassi42

lalla jha I don't understand. Why.is this video political. I thought it was about a scientist/doctor.

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lalla jha
lalla jha

Tedx stop using it for political benefits. It's a learning organization not a political one.

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smurfx
smurfx

if this happened today she would have probably gotten fired and replaced with a yes man.

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MBM
MBM

Good story but I can tell you why they are disproportionately represented in STEM fields, IT DOESN’T APPEAL TO THEM

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ahua luo
ahua luo

Feels like scientists and business ppl are natural opponents

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Stephanie Chiong
Stephanie Chiong

Yeesh, Merrell are crazy idiots

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roy rogers
roy rogers

Yay, she did her job.

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Linda Wright
Linda Wright

This is a classic example of how Big Business cares more about profits than about the well-being of its customers. What is most scary is that today the corrupt Trump administration controls who heads the FDA and is clearly pro-business and anti-consumer. Is the FDA now approving pharmaceuticals just as dangerous as thalidomide in order to further enrich the CEOs and rich shareholders of Big Pharma? We have recently seen the slow federal response to the trickery used by one pharmaceutical company to convince physicians it was safe to prescrib highly addictive opioids as general painkillers for public and how this created an epidemic of opioid-addicted people. Be cautious about deciding to use any new medications approved by the FDA under the Trump administration -- you do not want to be a human test case for a poorly researched/fraudulently researched medication rushed to the US market to enrich corporate shareholders.

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Nathan Murphy
Nathan Murphy

Forever immortalized in a great Billy Joel song.

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cakepoprock
cakepoprock

I hope the people who wanted to approve it feel guilty

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Hanhil
Hanhil

I appreciate this heroine. I also appreciated the fact that her colleagues at FDA supported her. It would have been so much more worse for her if they didn't.

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JJ Unicorn
JJ Unicorn

why isn’t she more recognized? this is an awesome story!

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ゆParakoi
ゆParakoi

Madlad...

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STELLAR!
STELLAR!

She lived *101 YEARS??* why is no one talking about that?!

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Lyndis S.
Lyndis S.

Ah. It's great to remember that the United States had been a fertile ground and a patron for science! Can we keep that up?

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Gybbson Lesly
Gybbson Lesly

So she did her job to the best of her abilities to standards that she was supposed to stand up to as requirements for her jobs and lucked upon one out of hundreds of thalidomide products which as part of her job she rejected it. Then rejected it again until she became famous. I mean other people did notice the problems with the product and the rest of the few backed her up. She basically was just lucky. And I guess so are we. But literally anyone doing their job properly in fda could have become famous. And a few years earlier at that. Thalidomide could also have passed if the company that sold the T. based product did better research or found away to use T. safely.

Pred 13 dňami
Cool Watermelon ShowTM
Cool Watermelon ShowTM

This was a good video

Pred 13 dňami
Zombie Flâneuse
Zombie Flâneuse

She saved so many children. Hurrah for her and others like her. 🙌

Pred 13 dňami
Aaron Brown
Aaron Brown

There is a lack of women in STEM because most women choose not to enter STEM. The trend is due almost entirely to personal choice, not institutional discrimination as in Ms. Kelsey's case.

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Xexomaru
Xexomaru

The time when the FDA used to do its job

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aditya gupta
aditya gupta

this made me cry

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keto11
keto11

Thanks for not making this a sexist issue EDIT: yeah nvm me

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electromt
electromt

Nice *Read more*

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P B
P B

All the men crying in the comments section. Smh.

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John Michael Damian
John Michael Damian

Wow. She's cool.

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Alden Wang
Alden Wang

This...is...awesome!

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Alden Wang
Alden Wang

Cringe

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Josie Joestar
Josie Joestar

You had me till about the 5 minute mark. Then you lost me.

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august smith
august smith

Cool, yeah, whatever, cool vid, blah

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Crowel Lovecraft
Crowel Lovecraft

how an amazing story of an ultra amazing person was ruined by gender war my advice stop watching at 4:35 if u dont want to buy the bs the gender hero is trying to oush here . shame on u

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Manu Nr
Manu Nr

Those thoughts before each clip are very apt , please keep doing those ...

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Undertale _fan 93
Undertale _fan 93

I will remember you docter Kelsey

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Holly O'Connor
Holly O'Connor

That lady saved more than just lives; she 'in some ways' saved the future. Rock on, Dr. Kelsey!!!

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Arleigh Peterson
Arleigh Peterson

Why women aren't in STEM: They don't wan't to be

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Virginia Gordon
Virginia Gordon

Or....... Women aren't invited in the science field

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That Russian
That Russian

So, her achievement was not really a scientific breakthrough, but rather an educated bureaucratic checklist. Gotcha.

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Sangita Barai
Sangita Barai

This is where the losers comments are

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Astariol
Astariol

50 years later the Trump administration is trying to prohibit the use of the term "evidence-based".

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Love INDIA
Love INDIA

The Great People are Not Born by Birth They Become Great by their Works and Decisions. She is A Great Gift to Humanity.

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Angel Benitez
Angel Benitez

Can we just celebrate her as a brilliant scientist not a female scientist who was subjected to 'social norms'? You diminish her accomplishment by painting her as a victim.

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Christine McManus
Christine McManus

Facing gender bias doesn't make a person a victim - you're only a victim if you let it control your life. She didn't. Not acknowledging the difficulties women in STEM faced back then would be ahistorical, and wouldn't paint the full picture of what she was up against when she refused to approve Thalidomide. She was a brilliant scientist who saved millions of lives and overcame gender barriers. One achievement does not diminish or negate the other.

Pred 15 dňami
Lesbian Amazon Sister
Lesbian Amazon Sister

It’s hard to imagine a time when the U.S. was more precautionary than Europe with new drugs. (Look up the precautionary principle practiced in Europe).

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Hobo The Dog
Hobo The Dog

SHE LIVED FOR 101 YEARS?!?!?!

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crystal beats
crystal beats

one of my teachers last names is davies shes my english teacher

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crystal beats
crystal beats

5:16

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Ioan Jivan
Ioan Jivan

seems more than national security

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The Fiddly Diddler
The Fiddly Diddler

She was a hero because she saved thousands of lives, not because she was a women.

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Carl Jakobsson
Carl Jakobsson

A great deed by Kelsey, but to think that americans are 'protected' by the FDA is a bit strange. Because, with the new stringent requirements on drugs it would take longer and longer for beneficial drugs to be sold on the market. There are various estimates of how many die due medicine being available but illegal to prescribe to patients, but some suggests that prohibiting propranolol, a beta-blocker, may have resulted in the death of 30 to 280 thousand people; and maybe 80 thousand died from the prohibition of Septra, an antibiotic. See "Economics of Public Issues", pp 6-7.

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That one friend
That one friend

She fought prejudice because of her gender and greedy companies that gave Faldo accusations to become a saviour of so many people. Another underrepresented genius in my opinion, I mean, what a badass!

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Blue Hoodie8
Blue Hoodie8

When idiots try to tell a smart person to change

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cerci Ironborn
cerci Ironborn

#feminism for doing her work?

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Captain Landalien
Captain Landalien

This was a really great video, very educational, but I would like to point out that at the end, while it was true back then, nowadays, women are unrepresented in stem fields not because they are accepted less, or paid less, but because they apply less, infact employers even prefer a female over an equally qualified male. There are probably social factors that affect this, yes, not not the points this video gave.

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Guy White
Guy White

I didn't really like personal commentary, at the end. You should put a name on it. Don't just imply it's that it's all men. That's just as bad as the claim you are making about them. Thumbs up, though. Whomever disliked this should have their head examined. What's not to like about healthy babies? Am I right?

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Julian Qarim
Julian Qarim

Damn gurl!

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Thorerx
Thorerx

Loved it up until the end. Inspiring story. Nothing wrong with women choosing not to go into stem fields. Nothing wrong with men choosing not to go into nursing fields. Nothing wrong with men choosing not to get an education in psychology. Why do we care what field people focus on based on their gender?

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Alejandro Reyes
Alejandro Reyes

it's because women love to cheer on hard-working female scientists, but don't want to be one themselves for a variety of reasons. it's a matter of interest imho

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jazmine
jazmine

thank you for telling her story. please tell more stories of these unknown heros

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TheFlowMind
TheFlowMind

We had not been so lucky in EU. No one stopped the drug and thousands of people were born with terrible disabilities. My mum was born in 1962 in Italy and she’s one of the Thalidomide’s children.

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Mr. Meeseeks
Mr. Meeseeks

Sad. Now the FDA can be bought by the highest bidders.

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Nelson Torres
Nelson Torres

Because motivation is different motivation in career choosing!

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Zack Vine
Zack Vine

this episode was good until the end where it turned into leftist propaganda

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The Real Deal
The Real Deal

Ancaps, I’ve got my eye on you.

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kcmn00
kcmn00

What a true hero

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Miko Mido
Miko Mido

Why are women underrepresented in STEM? It certainly not the Patriarchy

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Whitninjathemovie
Whitninjathemovie

Should she have received an award for doing her job?

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Veronika Alcoba
Veronika Alcoba

She finished an undergraduate AND postgrad in 2 years?!!!! Not to mention 4 freakin degrees?? Hot dammmnnn 👏👏👏 #powertowomen

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SirJMO
SirJMO

I disagree with the ending notion: women being unrepresented in stem fields. If anything it's young

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Piññaġnaqtuq
Piññaġnaqtuq

Why is nursing (including masters, NP, and PhD) ever-snubbed as a STEM field? Because it's already women-heavy. Include nursing in your STEM counts and you may see those numbers inch a little closer towards what we would like to see as far as 50/50

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RandomdudeZ9
RandomdudeZ9

Moral of the story. Follow what you f*cking say.

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Lord Felidae
Lord Felidae

I am so glad she got to see the good she did.

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Sam Seidel • 11 minutes ago
Sam Seidel • 11 minutes ago

We love our individuals

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Alexis Marie
Alexis Marie

she’s like im just doing my job dudes

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Johannes Weger
Johannes Weger

Im from Italy and I know many Peopel whos Kids or Friends where deformed.

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Myranda Partaker
Myranda Partaker

honestly this video only makes me lose faith in humanity

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K B
K B

I'm a college student. From my experience, women are only underrepresented in Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, and Philosophy... *Every* other major (from Chemistry to Sociology) has a good number of men and women. And women make up the majority in some majors. That said, I've seen sexist attitudes from people in majors that are mostly male or female.

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Sofia dk
Sofia dk

It inspires us tô not give up, even with the different threatment we get Just for benigno women

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Sofia dk
Sofia dk

I absolutely loved this video!!

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Hakan Töre
Hakan Töre

dislikes are this guys 2:32

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Timmy Ledwon
Timmy Ledwon

I love the video but women are getting a degree in women's studies then complaining that there aren't any women in stem fields.

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KAT PHAM
KAT PHAM

I was actually very surprised to hear that the FDA firmly backed her up considering the fact that women were looked down upon, back then

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jordan park
jordan park

Didn't appreciate the crude and reductionist lecture at the end, but the rest of the video was nice and inspiring.

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Nesiah Coward
Nesiah Coward

For anyone wondering, she lived to be 101 years old. That amazing

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william
william

true hero

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Leah Winningham
Leah Winningham

Women don't go into STEM fields normally. The only reason is because they don't find interest in it. Women are free to choose

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terry ferguson
terry ferguson

Science is largely sorcery and magic,carried out by demons,NOT people with aspergers syndrome.The technology comes from the fallen angels and demons that inhabit people.Read the book of Enoch.Audio version on youtube.See Trey Smith`s video on the Nephiim.

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John Marshall
John Marshall

She stooped the drug but the harm was already done thalidomide was in USA from 1956 to 1962 as samples millions of pills were given out

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Karl Palomo
Karl Palomo

Wow :'-)

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Lovin9Lives
Lovin9Lives

all thanks to the "mistake" of thinking she was male when accepted for her phd! Mr. Oldham and she was able to get her further education and saved lives!

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jerrij4242
jerrij4242

A

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LilmsKobe V
LilmsKobe V

She died when I was 10

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Vaut
Vaut

I’m so proud of her

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Pixel Bytes
Pixel Bytes

Amazing video loved it But why did you have to advertise political ted talks?

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Mohamed Humaid
Mohamed Humaid

Uuuuuuhh

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BLUEGENE13
BLUEGENE13

atleast they didn't promote the gender propaganda

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Seal Of Apoorval
Seal Of Apoorval

I bet today Trump would have called her fake news and said she was on a witch hunt, eventually supporting the big billion $$ company. And the worse part? A majority of people would have supported that today

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ordinarylover
ordinarylover

That is why we need regulations...

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Maeve McCann
Maeve McCann

Thalidomide caused awful results in Britain

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The Seal
The Seal

Great video! And loads of sensitive men crying about the ending in the comments is entertaining lol

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Dom Vasta
Dom Vasta

But for every thalidomide blocked from the market, there are a dozen other drugs like beta blockers which are held up for months awaiting FDA approval, while patients who would otherwise be receiving the life saving treatment die. FDA approval should be required for advertisement and marketing of drugs, but not for their sale and use, let patients who would otherwise die take the risk to their safety into theirs and their doctor's own hands, allow them access to all the studies done on the drug, not just the ones that the pharmaceutical companies decided to send to the FDA, as well as access to the drug itself, while it is pending approval. No one should die when a cure for their illness exists, but a government body has yet to approve it.

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Matthew Freedlander
Matthew Freedlander

Canada represent!

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Dragon Dimosthenis
Dragon Dimosthenis

one also one scientist saved million of men

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Javier Lemus
Javier Lemus

Scientist who is averting gender ideology plague?

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Young Mo$e$
Young Mo$e$

Can y'all do some more men

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NoriMori
NoriMori

Thank God the FDA backed her up. This could have turned out a lot differently otherwise.

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Husnain Ali
Husnain Ali

amazing work...

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