How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone

  • Zverejnené Pred 2 mesiacmi

    TED-EdTED-Ed

    trvanie: 5:32

    TED wants to promote student ideas! Learn more here: bit.ly/2M7hd87
    View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/how-one-scientist-averted-a-national-health-crisis-andrea-tone
    In 1960, Frances Kelsey was one of the Food and Drug Administration’s newest recruits. Before the year was out, she would begin a fight that would save thousands of lives - though no one knew it at the time. Andrea Tone explains how Kelsey was able to prevent a massive national public health tragedy by privileging facts over opinions, and patience over short-cuts.
    Lesson by Andrea Tone, animation by TED-Ed.
    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Claudia Mayfield, Justus Berberich, Pavel Zalevskiy, Yankai Liu, Duo Xu, Ghassan Alhazzaa, Miloš Stevanović, Joy Love Om, Gi Nam Lee, Shawn Quichocho, Simone Kidner, Anika Westburg, Barun Padhy, Brandy Jones, Devin Harris, Tony Trapuzzano, Stephen Michael Alvarez, Tom Lee, Juliana, Jason Weinstein, Kris Siverhus, Alexander Walls, Annamaria Szilagyi, Morgan Williams, Abhijit Kiran Valluri, Mandeep Singh, Sama aafghani, سلطان الخليفي, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Marvin Vizuett, Jayant Sahewal, Quinn Shen, Caleb ross, Elizabeth Cruz, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Gaurav Rana, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Dan Paterniti, Jerome Froelich, Tyler Yoshizumi, Martin Stephen, Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Benjamin & Shannon Pinder, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, and Sage Curie.

    TED  TED-Ed  Teded  Ted Education  TED Ed  Andrea Tone  Frances Kelsey  Food and Drug Administration  public health  medicine  thalidomide  drug  pregnancy  babies  hero  scientific breakthrough  women in STEM  

TED-Ed
TED-Ed

If you're a student with a passion for science, share your ideas, discoveries and hopes with the world through TED's student idea platform: http://bit.ly/2M7hd87. If your passions lie elsewhere, we want to hear from you, too! TED-Ed is creating a space to celebrate and amplify student ideas on a wide range of topics — from human rights to staying organized in school — and we want you to be a part of it! Check it out!

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Nesiah Coward
Nesiah Coward

I love this channel because your illustrations are magnificent and your commentators have such soothing voices. There are things that I have learned from this channel, which helps me so much in school. Its amazing, thank you so much.

Pred 6 dňami
Simrah Siddiqui
Simrah Siddiqui

TED-Ed Hello

Pred mesiacom
TheSassi42
TheSassi42

lalla jha I don't understand. Why.is this video political. I thought it was about a scientist/doctor.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
lalla jha
lalla jha

Tedx stop using it for political benefits. It's a learning organization not a political one.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
TheSassi42
TheSassi42

TED-Ed The title is not chosen very well... The health crisis already happend. She averted it from spreading to the US and more countries. But saying she averted it could come over belittling to the health crisis that already happened, if the word is interpreted wrongly. I would recommend «averted it from the US» or similar.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Sam Seidel • 11 minutes ago
Sam Seidel • 11 minutes ago

We love our individuals

Pred 14 hodinami
Alexis Marie
Alexis Marie

she’s like im just doing my job dudes

Pred 22 hodinami
Johannes Weger
Johannes Weger

Im from Italy and I know many Peopel whos Kids or Friends where deformed.

Pred dňom
casually casual
casually casual

honestly this video only makes me lose faith in humanity

Pred 2 dňami
K B
K B

I'm a college student. From my experience, women are only underrepresented in Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, and Philosophy... *Every* other major (from Chemistry to Sociology) has a good number of men and women. And women make up the majority in some majors. That said, I've seen sexist attitudes from people in majors that are mostly male or female.

Pred 2 dňami
Sofia dk
Sofia dk

It inspires us tô not give up, even with the different threatment we get Just for benigno women

Pred 3 dňami
Sofia dk
Sofia dk

I absolutely loved this video!!

Pred 3 dňami
Hakan Töre
Hakan Töre

dislikes are this guys 2:32

Pred 3 dňami
Timmy Ledwon
Timmy Ledwon

I love the video but women are getting a degree in women's studies then complaining that there aren't any women in stem fields.

Pred 5 dňami
KAT PHAM
KAT PHAM

I was actually very surprised to hear that the FDA firmly backed her up considering the fact that women were looked down upon, back then

Pred 5 dňami
jordan park
jordan park

Didn't appreciate the crude and reductionist lecture at the end, but the rest of the video was nice and inspiring.

Pred 5 dňami
Nesiah Coward
Nesiah Coward

For anyone wondering, she lived to be 101 years old. That amazing

Pred 6 dňami
william
william

true hero

Pred 8 dňami
Leah Winningham
Leah Winningham

Women don't go into STEM fields normally. The only reason is because they don't find interest in it. Women are free to choose

Pred 8 dňami
terry ferguson
terry ferguson

Science is largely sorcery and magic,carried out by demons,NOT people with aspergers syndrome.The technology comes from the fallen angels and demons that inhabit people.Read the book of Enoch.Audio version on youtube.See Trey Smith`s video on the Nephiim.

Pred 10 dňami
John Marshall
John Marshall

She stooped the drug but the harm was already done thalidomide was in USA from 1956 to 1962 as samples millions of pills were given out

Pred 10 dňami
Karl Palomo
Karl Palomo

Wow :'-)

Pred 10 dňami
Lovin9Lives
Lovin9Lives

all thanks to the "mistake" of thinking she was male when accepted for her phd! Mr. Oldham and she was able to get her further education and saved lives!

Pred 11 dňami
jerrij4242
jerrij4242

A

Pred 11 dňami
LilmsKobe V
LilmsKobe V

She died when I was 10

Pred 11 dňami
Vaut
Vaut

I’m so proud of her

Pred 12 dňami
Pixel Bytes
Pixel Bytes

Amazing video loved it But why did you have to advertise political ted talks?

Pred 12 dňami
Mohamed Humaid
Mohamed Humaid

Uuuuuuhh

Pred 13 dňami
BLUEGENE13
BLUEGENE13

atleast they didn't promote the gender propaganda

Pred 13 dňami
Seal Of Apoorval
Seal Of Apoorval

I bet today Trump would have called her fake news and said she was on a witch hunt, eventually supporting the big billion $$ company. And the worse part? A majority of people would have supported that today

Pred 13 dňami
ordinarylover
ordinarylover

That is why we need regulations...

Pred 16 dňami
Maeve McCann
Maeve McCann

Thalidomide caused awful results in Britain

Pred 16 dňami
The Seal
The Seal

Great video! And loads of sensitive men crying about the ending in the comments is entertaining lol

Pred 16 dňami
Dom Vasta
Dom Vasta

But for every thalidomide blocked from the market, there are a dozen other drugs like beta blockers which are held up for months awaiting FDA approval, while patients who would otherwise be receiving the life saving treatment die. FDA approval should be required for advertisement and marketing of drugs, but not for their sale and use, let patients who would otherwise die take the risk to their safety into theirs and their doctor's own hands, allow them access to all the studies done on the drug, not just the ones that the pharmaceutical companies decided to send to the FDA, as well as access to the drug itself, while it is pending approval. No one should die when a cure for their illness exists, but a government body has yet to approve it.

Pred 19 dňami
Matthew Freedlander
Matthew Freedlander

Canada represent!

Pred 20 dňami
Dragon Dimosthenis
Dragon Dimosthenis

one also one scientist saved million of men

Pred 20 dňami
Javier Lemus
Javier Lemus

Scientist who is averting gender ideology plague?

Pred 22 dňami
Young Mo$e$
Young Mo$e$

Can y'all do some more men

Pred 26 dňami
NoriMori
NoriMori

Thank God the FDA backed her up. This could have turned out a lot differently otherwise.

Pred 27 dňami
Husnain Ali
Husnain Ali

amazing work...

Pred mesiacom
000000 000000
000000 000000

Women are underrepresented in STEM fields because women tend to be less interested in STEM fields.

Pred mesiacom
Hi, I'm Hot Rod
Hi, I'm Hot Rod

Why don't you humans have a day for her? She save people's lives!

Pred mesiacom
Pulse VII
Pulse VII

Everyone is talking about Kelsey, but Merrel sounds like an *ss

Pred mesiacom
Jakédsoké
Jakédsoké

I’m Canadian

Pred mesiacom
Dravelen Hawk
Dravelen Hawk

What if it was a guy?

Pred mesiacom
Elinor
Elinor

My dad was almost a thalidomide baby. My grandmother was prescribed thalidomide (in Sweden in the 60s) and fortunately she never took it.

Pred mesiacom
TMHedge
TMHedge

4:42 "Pervasive gender biases" NO! It wasn't gender bias that did that, it was money. You said it yourself earlier in the video!, it was a 2.24 billion dollar industry!, the company that sold the drug wanted in to that industry regardless of the risk to the public. They targeted her because she was the one most in charge of approving/rejecting the case!, not because of her gender, but because she was the one person in their way stopping them from getting their drug on the markets.

Pred mesiacom
montork
montork

stereotype: women value feelings over facts and are too emotional. stereotype: women are too nitpicky and difficult. males will literally flip flop if it will get them what they want.

Pred mesiacom
Being Greatest
Being Greatest

Respect for the lady👏👏

Pred mesiacom
shingshongshamalama
shingshongshamalama

If you ever doubt the brutal inhumanity of corporate business, just remember that this company was complaining to the FDA and whining to get a drug approved for sale that THEY KNEW AT THE TIME CAUSED BIRTH DEFECTS.

Pred mesiacom
Al Cor
Al Cor

She has a school named after her on Vancouver Island, British Columbia

Pred mesiacom
Aisha Bhat
Aisha Bhat

Very nice animation and speaker but I want Addison Anderson 😂😂😂

Pred mesiacom
Ntokozo Moyo
Ntokozo Moyo

Doing the right thing is so rare that you get a medal for it. She's an example of why it's so important.

Pred mesiacom
Sophie Jones
Sophie Jones

Too bad no one like this works at the FDA anymore. "that continue to protect people today" lol. the only people protected by the FDA these days are pharmacists.

Pred mesiacom
Connor Shaw-case
Connor Shaw-case

Why are women underepresented in stem when they have a 2:1 advantage in being hired and are graduating college more then men? Maybe its to do with less women wanting to do stem not everyone is as sexist as the 1940s

Pred mesiacom
Hailey25
Hailey25

To any young girls (or anyone for that matter) interested in science, there is this amazing book called "Women in Science" by Rachel Ignotofsky. It talks about the work of over 50 different female scientists from Roman times to the Space Race from all over the world. It's a fairly easy read and very detailed, and many of the women did these absolutely revolutionary things yet almost no one today will recognize their names. I recommend it to anyone.

Pred mesiacom
Andrew Aziz
Andrew Aziz

As a pharmacist, I thank Dr. Kelsey for her contribution to the profession. As my mentors have told me "always practice evidence-based medicine, not eminence-based medicine"

Pred mesiacom
V D.O.
V D.O.

Lmfao the amount of sexist guys on the comments is too damn high.

Pred mesiacom
Kezbardo
Kezbardo

Yooo I remember this from Breaking Bad, when Walter explained chirality in his class, he used Thalidomide as an example

Pred mesiacom
Hensley JeanBaptiste
Hensley JeanBaptiste

She lived to 101 wow she really was a doctor of medicine

Pred mesiacom
ruzzell907
ruzzell907

Countless children have been saved without us knowing.

Pred mesiacom
Woofie Play
Woofie Play

Not every superhero wears a cap

Pred mesiacom
Mariana Torres
Mariana Torres

Basically, a brain with legs 💖

Pred mesiacom
anthony white
anthony white

Autism?

Pred mesiacom
Prometheus Kapoor
Prometheus Kapoor

i want to cure AIDS

Pred mesiacom
phoeniximperator
phoeniximperator

I'm surprised that they didn't brand her as a communist and anti capitalist

Pred mesiacom
Josélina Aygretto
Josélina Aygretto

why is STEM so important?

Pred mesiacom
bubmah axr
bubmah axr

how did someone could enter an undergrad and master degree at the same time? wow.

Pred mesiacom
Tenhys
Tenhys

_Frances Oldham Kelsey_ 1914-2015 O_o She lived 101 years ?! Holy guacamole ! Color me impressed.

Pred mesiacom
Noodle Kaboodle
Noodle Kaboodle

The most horrifying thing about thalidomide is that it's STILL used in Brazil despite the well documented damage to feotuses

Pred mesiacom
Hershel Katz
Hershel Katz

she's so cool

Pred mesiacom
xxthecapitalistxx
xxthecapitalistxx

Maybe women are naturally more atracted to some jobs, and men to others.

Pred mesiacom
Elizabeth Brennan
Elizabeth Brennan

I was going to say the same thing. Well said.

Pred mesiacom
will k
will k

If drugs are associated with harm, then why is weed illegal. And why do you have to make this video a gender issue, if a female wants to do a stem subject she can, THERE IS NO BARRIER in the way of her getting any sort of work in that field

Pred mesiacom
Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman
Mohdzahrin Bin Abdul Rahman

Im not american so this is the first time i heard bout her.phew i was so worried that she would not get the recognition she deserved as i watch it at the early part..bravo!

Pred mesiacom
ElGringo
ElGringo

“The only reason more women aren’t in stem fields is because of patriarchy” has better not be in any of those videos if TED wants me to keep taking them seriously. Fingers crossed

Pred mesiacom
Mark Smith
Mark Smith

Scientifically train bureaucrat. The FDA is a bureaucracy- sometimes behaving more bureaucratically and sometimes being out of control organisation.

Pred mesiacom
driftster99
driftster99

0:57 that fade though 👌

Pred mesiacom
winnkey
winnkey

This was a great possitive story one which needs to be told in this day and age where we are having a resurgence of drugs trying to be rushed through the process with dodgy science. I was about to share but your shoehorn political push which was already covered by your narrative tarnished this for me. I have nothing against your desire to diversify the field of stem. Diverse people, equal diverse thinking and that is always a possitive in science. Its just i clicked on this and wished to share this because of a strong story about the revolution of a field, but then you made me have to then also share a political statement as well.... i didnt want to make a strong political statement. I wanted to share a strong story

Pred mesiacom
Brendan Goosen
Brendan Goosen

Why would you turn this into a gender thing? So annoying! Get over yourselves! it's 2018 FFS

Pred mesiacom
Devan S.
Devan S.

Then people in 2018 take it too far and we get anti-vacciners. uneducated people lead to uneducated research, educated people lead to life saving research.

Pred mesiacom
Kate Hu
Kate Hu

I was loving the video until that gender commentary... ANYONE who stands their ground as a gatekeeper against a nuerotoxin should be lauded. That's all that matters. We need more like Frances not because she is a she but because she is a person of good morale.

Pred mesiacom
SR Creative Media
SR Creative Media

Maybe there is not equality of outcomes in STEM because men and women don't want the exact same thing. But I see nothing but equality of opportunities being presented now... even back in the 1950s... She worked hard and got what she worked for and made a difference.

Pred mesiacom
random guy
random guy

Maybe women are underrepresented in STEM because less women want to take STEM then men - just like the inverse for, say, nursing.

Pred mesiacom
Tak Tsing
Tak Tsing

I really feel the pressure she faced, especially when German had already approved the use.

Pred mesiacom
Christian Prepper
Christian Prepper

*UNLESS YOU PAY the FDA ENOUGH MONEY or KNOW the RIGHT PEOPLE!* 3:57 Then they turn a blind eye or attack the competition of well funded pharmaceutical companies.

Pred mesiacom
Katen Cyan
Katen Cyan

I love hearing stories about great scientists!

Pred mesiacom
TheNinjaMarmot
TheNinjaMarmot

She would have been on PETA.'s hitlist despite saving many human lives at the expense of animals

Pred mesiacom
Ryan Wei
Ryan Wei

am i the only one who noticed she graduated high school at 15

Pred mesiacom
Jonah Safern
Jonah Safern

Oh, good GOD! They just *had* to make it about feminism and women's supposed inequalities, didn't they?

Pred mesiacom
Velcon X13
Velcon X13

This is amazing that u actually found thus

Pred mesiacom
Bella B
Bella B

We was all born for a reason.

Pred mesiacom
Dank Paradox
Dank Paradox

Women are not "unrepresented in STEM fields." They simply choose areas like nursing and business more frequently and men choose areas like physics and engineering more frequently. What's in these studies simply show the result of men and women's free choices. Good video other than the common misconception that the reason women don't join STEM is because they're persuaded not to

Pred mesiacom
Lisa Mae Gilbert
Lisa Mae Gilbert

101 years! Wow! 👏👏👏

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Kyori Nicks
Kyori Nicks

Wage gap doesn't exist us men must protect ourselves from feminism. 1 min later FBI OPEN UP!

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Captain Doom
Captain Doom

And to think, if she didn't get the job, there would be a HUGE national health issue ALONGSIDE the news and mainstream media.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Løvely Lady
Løvely Lady

Sis was getting her education 👏👏👏

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Chidz Hustle
Chidz Hustle

That’s funny, when I studied Thalidomide in school they never mentioned Kelsey, I understand it wasn’t relevant to the course but she was a massive reason it never spread in the US

Pred 2 mesiacmi
DPowered Smith
DPowered Smith

She would be fired or ignored thinking that way now

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Jad Sayegh
Jad Sayegh

McGill pride!

Pred 2 mesiacmi
MindTech
MindTech

wwowowowowwwowowowow

Pred 2 mesiacmi
John Marshall
John Marshall

Dr. Helen B. Taussig was one that stopped thalidomide in USA

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Elliander Eldridge
Elliander Eldridge

Unfortunately, "evidence based policies " seem to be less and less the case, with the precautionary principle rarely being applied. In one 90s case, a genetically modified organism was developed to cheaply produce fuel from useless biomass, namely the part of crops not used after a harvest. The FDA required that tests be conducted in sterile conditions, which demonstrated safety and it was approved. Then, during the peer review process, a sample was tested at a German University under real world conditions where it was quickly discovered that it spreads into the soil, persists such that the Earth would havto be cooked several feet down to remove, and kills living plants to then convert to fuel. Had this been released we'd be looking at a worst case scenario, and all because the FDA doesn't accept tests under real conditions. Or course, after this was published the FDA withdrew their approval. It's been a very long time since I read about it and I can't remember much more about it, but it was very interesting. And no, I don't actually oppose genetic engineering being that I major in genetics, but I do think more needs to be done to ensure safety.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Cry Whit
Cry Whit

The FDA needs to pull her out of retirement, and rehire her. Somebody over there is slipping up...

Pred 2 mesiacmi
Devilmonkey
Devilmonkey

She died 3 years ago at 101 years old. So that might be hard to do.

Pred 2 mesiacmi
D D
D D

She lived 101 years

Pred 2 mesiacmi

Ďalej