How one scientist averted a national health crisis - Andrea Tone

  • Zverejnené Pred 7 mesiacmi

    TED-EdTED-Ed

    trvanie: 5:32

    TED wants to promote student ideas! Learn more here: bit.ly/2M7hd87
    View full lesson: ed.ted.com/lessons/how-one-scientist-averted-a-national-health-crisis-andrea-tone
    In 1960, Frances Kelsey was one of the Food and Drug Administration’s newest recruits. Before the year was out, she would begin a fight that would save thousands of lives - though no one knew it at the time. Andrea Tone explains how Kelsey was able to prevent a massive national public health tragedy by privileging facts over opinions, and patience over short-cuts.
    Lesson by Andrea Tone, animation by TED-Ed.
    Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Claudia Mayfield, Justus Berberich, Pavel Zalevskiy, Yankai Liu, Duo Xu, Ghassan Alhazzaa, Miloš Stevanović, Joy Love Om, Gi Nam Lee, Shawn Quichocho, Simone Kidner, Anika Westburg, Barun Padhy, Brandy Jones, Devin Harris, Tony Trapuzzano, Stephen Michael Alvarez, Tom Lee, Juliana, Jason Weinstein, Kris Siverhus, Alexander Walls, Annamaria Szilagyi, Morgan Williams, Abhijit Kiran Valluri, Mandeep Singh, Sama aafghani, سلطان الخليفي, Marylise CHAUFFETON, Marvin Vizuett, Jayant Sahewal, Quinn Shen, Caleb ross, Elizabeth Cruz, Elnathan Joshua Bangayan, Gaurav Rana, Mullaiarasu Sundaramurthy, Jose Henrique Leopoldo e Silva, Dan Paterniti, Jerome Froelich, Tyler Yoshizumi, Martin Stephen, Justin Carpani, Faiza Imtiaz, Khalifa Alhulail, Tejas Dc, Benjamin & Shannon Pinder, Srikote Naewchampa, Ex Foedus, and Sage Curie.

    TED  TED-Ed  Teded  Ted Education  TED Ed  Andrea Tone  Frances Kelsey  Food and Drug Administration  public health  medicine  thalidomide  drug  pregnancy  babies  hero  scientific breakthrough  women in STEM  

TED-Ed
TED-Ed

If you're a student with a passion for science, share your ideas, discoveries and hopes with the world through TED's student idea platform: http://bit.ly/2M7hd87. If your passions lie elsewhere, we want to hear from you, too! TED-Ed is creating a space to celebrate and amplify student ideas on a wide range of topics — from human rights to staying organized in school — and we want you to be a part of it! Check it out!

Pred 7 mesiacmi
Alex Erhan
Alex Erhan

Ted Ed = prickly Philadelphia

Pred 29 dňami
Arnav Kelkar
Arnav Kelkar

TED-Ed (

Pred 3 mesiacmi
Nesiah Coward
Nesiah Coward

I love this channel because your illustrations are magnificent and your commentators have such soothing voices. There are things that I have learned from this channel, which helps me so much in school. Its amazing, thank you so much.

Pred 5 mesiacmi
Sim
Sim

TED-Ed Hello

Pred 6 mesiacmi
Robert A
Robert A

How has no one pointed out that she was 101 years old when she died?

Pred 2 dňami
KaiserAfini
KaiserAfini

A great professional does not let anything stop them from delivering methodical assessments and putting the welfare of the public first. Dr Kelsey is an inspiration to all fields, not just pharmacology.

Pred 3 dňami
Black Hatred
Black Hatred

Bro, she was 101

Pred 3 dňami
Crista D.
Crista D.

Amazing how many microd*cks got triggered by the ending of the video. The comment section is hilarious.

Pred 4 dňami
Matriks
Matriks

And that man, was Eren jaegers dad

Pred 4 dňami
Imperator Augustus
Imperator Augustus

Women disproportionately represented in STEM fields? What could this mean? Gender bias, of course; just like in the 1930's! The video was great until this part. I don't think I've ever hit my face harder than in the end there.

Pred 5 dňami
You Who shall not be named
You Who shall not be named

Wow 101 years old

Pred 5 dňami
Bobby C
Bobby C

This is egalitarianism done right. If you want women to receive the same recognition as men, then don't qualify their achievements with epithets describing their gender.

Pred 6 dňami
Jock McBile
Jock McBile

A great story. It is sad, we haven't moved on much, but we are heading in the right direction. Thank you to Dr. Kelsey

Pred 6 dňami
Dyzinel
Dyzinel

She really was amazing and badass huh.

Pred 6 dňami
sapplejax
sapplejax

What a legend of a human. Amazing.

Pred 7 dňami
SilverS Gaming
SilverS Gaming

She spent her live saving many of those in her time and many more in the future. Truly a hero.

Pred 7 dňami
Hecatia Lapislazuli
Hecatia Lapislazuli

There Youtube, I finally watched it. Now stop reccomending it.

Pred 7 dňami
xXxMartin96xXx
xXxMartin96xXx

"Yet women are underepresented in STEM fields. Why?" Maybe because not enough girls want to study STEM?

Pred 8 dňami
zeldafreak701
zeldafreak701

Good God, just think if you parents were born around that time, they could've been subject to these horrible diseases! That being said, TED, please let's just focus on the accomplishments of this lady and not push this SJW nonsense. This is a different time and women most certainly are not subject to gender biases in the STEM field. They're just underrepresented because not enough of them want to a STEM career. If you're going to go that route, then let's talk about how males are underrepresented in fields such as education and nursing.

Pred 8 dňami
AlchemistOfNirnroot
AlchemistOfNirnroot

I remember this from GCSE bio...

Pred 8 dňami
napstrike
napstrike

It is believed that only USA and Turkey managed to stay away from this dangerous drug. In the Turkish front, the Distinguished Prof. Dr. Süreyya Tahsin Aygün was working on stem cells and investigated the drug. He noticed that it would have adverse effects on pregnant women (since it was his field of work), and informed the ministry of health. The ministry of health banned the drug and saved the nation. However, Kelsey was declared a hero in the USA, while some idiots tried to declare Aygun as a charlatan in Turkey. Only when the Germans named an institute after him, the nation learned the truth about him.

Pred 8 dňami
DinoWolf35
DinoWolf35

You had me until the end when you go on about STEM, there is actually a preference of taking girls over boys into STEM so the reason there aren't so many girls is because not that many girls are applying

Pred 8 dňami
indeepj
indeepj

Is She Still Alive?

Pred 8 dňami
Isaac Mikola
Isaac Mikola

It kind of reminds me of a famous picture of Madam Curie sitting with Einstein, Schrodinger, and a lot of other famous scientists in the Solvay Conference picture. She had a trench coat on.

Pred 9 dňami
megannnjay
megannnjay

What a freaking cool lady

Pred 9 dňami
The Dark Musket
The Dark Musket

You guys just had to make it political in the end, but still gave the video a like for the main content

Pred 9 dňami
Tyler Mustard
Tyler Mustard

women are less represented in STEM because less women are in STEM

Pred 9 dňami
Mysty Draco
Mysty Draco

F-F-facts over opinions???

Pred 9 dňami
Pinochet
Pinochet

Thanks TED-ED, very cool!

Pred 9 dňami
nah fool
nah fool

Badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass badass

Pred 10 dňami
The Furriner794
The Furriner794

If we had her today, maybe Big Pharma wouldn't be as greedy and dangerous, and produce drugs that create Autism. We need another Francis Kelsey, quick.

Pred 10 dňami
TrueUser025
TrueUser025

Women are underrepresented in STEM fields because less women choose to work there. You don't see men complaining about being underrepresented in schools or psychology etc because they also choose not to work there

Pred 10 dňami
FlammieLL
FlammieLL

I love finding rare gems like these. History is full of interesting people like these who changed the world, for the BETTER!

Pred 10 dňami
Max Bowen
Max Bowen

Anyone else finally figure out what that lyric was in didn’t start the fire

Pred 11 dňami
Road to 1000 hours of piano in 1 year
Road to 1000 hours of piano in 1 year

How one Teemo adverted a backdoor crisis by building full AP and placing shrooms all over his base. (Assuming, of course, that such base had at least one inhibitor down and no towers at all, not even nexus turrets).

Pred 11 dňami
The Batman
The Batman

Its not that women are underrepresented in stem today, its that less women are interested in it

Pred 11 dňami
StonedRazor mrSaltyWater
StonedRazor mrSaltyWater

Next up: a brief history of cheese. yurt

Pred 11 dňami
Wyatt
Wyatt

Good video, too bad you had to stuck in liberal propaganda in the very end. Disliked.

Pred 11 dňami
jmsloss
jmsloss

God had her in the right place, at the right time, to do the right thing...

Pred 11 dňami
Vincent Krull
Vincent Krull

FDA: The Federal Dookie Association

Pred 11 dňami
Jovan Lee
Jovan Lee

While everyone thanked her. Can we thank all those in your FDA that supported her?

Pred 11 dňami
Witherman1
Witherman1

I do wonder how many people born with disabilities could have lived normal lives if not for things we put in our water and food.

Pred 11 dňami
Nerd
Nerd

I saw the title, I knew it was Thalidomide. Frances Oldham Kelsey was a legend. What she did left a mark in history. I am so proud of her. I will forever be grateful to Kelsey.

Pred 11 dňami
DarkWorld25
DarkWorld25

Well uhh, I'm pretty sure that it was an Australian Scientist that banned it, correct me if I'm wrong tho

Pred 11 dňami
A Random Rock
A Random Rock

Graduated at 15? I was a freshman at 14-15.

Pred 11 dňami
Zzul Ma
Zzul Ma

So touching

Pred 12 dňami
Annabel Morimoto
Annabel Morimoto

Knew it was her just by the title! I learned about her in my Chemistry class. She's so cool!!

Pred 12 dňami
Laura isanbaeva
Laura isanbaeva

Women are underrated in STEM fields because women aren't interested in STEM. If you want to actually help, seek out young girls and encourage them. Christ.

Pred 12 dňami
The Reprehensible
The Reprehensible

"Affirmative action" would like to know your location.

Pred 12 dňami
josh rixon
josh rixon

I wanna hear about more good stories like this. Thank you Ted-ed.

Pred 12 dňami
J M
J M

Sorry. Stopped caring when it turned into "blah blah blah feminism blah blah blah men doctors blah blah superiority blah."

Pred 12 dňami
Marco Glaner
Marco Glaner

Good stuff

Pred 12 dňami
JAKphoenixify
JAKphoenixify

I love how people calmly ignore the fact that the FDA openly supported Kelsey despite corporate shilling.

Pred 12 dňami
Ratyr
Ratyr

Nowadays, Thalidomide is used *extremely* sparingly. Thanks to Frances, Thalidomide was prevented from showing up on the US market before its effects were truly understood, and by the grace of God, the FDA supported her. As a result, we've had the time and reason to figure out what Thalidomide can cause and now, with very careful regulation (especially when it comes to pregnancy) it is used for a select few of diseases, like a certain cancer and leprosy complications. Thanks to all of these early pioneers in Thalidomide's history who rejected the drug or sought further testing, many people have been prevented from being born deformed or dead. Thalidomide's past use was a disaster, but it could have been much, much worse.

Pred 12 dňami
Lexi Barrow
Lexi Barrow

I actually learned about Thalidomide in Biology, and we learned about the damages it had on children throughout the UK.

Pred 13 dňami
Spikey Plant
Spikey Plant

Germans, eh? Guess old habits die hard. It's not that serious 🤷🏻‍♂️

Pred 13 dňami
Darling Jewel
Darling Jewel

Thank you so much. I have aunts and uncles and my mom who were all born in the 50s and 60s. Without you they might not be here.

Pred 13 dňami
Petitio Principii
Petitio Principii

This is another example of how those conspiracy theories of "hidden cures" kept secret by the big pharma are plain BS. More likely they'll be trying to push into the market things that don't work, don't quite work, or with too many adverse effects. That's the closest thing to a "conspiracy theory" that there is. TED has an interesting presentation on the subject, by Ben Goldacre: _"What doctors don't know about the drugs they prescribe"_ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKmxL8VYy0M It's also mentioned in some regard or another in a the series "calling BS in the age of big data": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLPnZfvKID1Sje5jWxt-4CSZD7bUI4gSPS

Pred 13 dňami
Itsa Games
Itsa Games

well, thank you Frances!

Pred 13 dňami
Grayson Goss
Grayson Goss

Love how five angry people only have two arms.

Pred 13 dňami
K
K

Thank you for the excellent video!

Pred 14 dňami
Joseph Grey
Joseph Grey

Amazing.

Pred 14 dňami
Gilda Hobbs
Gilda Hobbs

Growing up in Germany, I've heard the story of Thalidomide many times, but always as a depressing and haunting tragedy. Glad to hear so many people could be saved and this story could become the remarkably impressive inspiration we see here! Frances is a true hero.

Pred 14 dňami
Shoto Todoroki
Shoto Todoroki

She’s cool.

Pred 14 dňami
Bakpfeife
Bakpfeife

Good thing till the preachy end that just doesn't factor in psychology or any other measurement than the underrepresentation in stem fields.

Pred 14 dňami
Communist Furry
Communist Furry

Capitalism™ - Sacrificing morality for profit.

Pred 14 dňami
Thomas Martinez
Thomas Martinez

+ Apocalypse averted

Pred 14 dňami
BladeOfLight16
BladeOfLight16

Thank you, Mrs. Kelsey. As for why women are don't make up nearly 50% of STEM, maybe take a page out of Kelsey's handbook and look at the data: https://youtu.be/cQNaT52QYYA

Pred 14 dňami
Scott-E
Scott-E

FINE YOUTUBE

Pred 14 dňami
Justin K.
Justin K.

Mm hmm women was not accepted yet i think

Pred 14 dňami
Cyphon
Cyphon

Yes

Pred 14 dňami
Jlfreedom
Jlfreedom

Wait even after thalidomide's side were discovered the company tried for 7 more months to get it approved!?!? Wow talk about terrible people

Pred 15 dňami
Lord TouchMe
Lord TouchMe

So she did her Job? I feel the people who think this is great are the ones who passed with George Bushes No child left behind ac. Also the adults who think their younger generation lacks confidence so they promote new like this instead of saying give a 110% and do better than your peers

Pred 15 dňami
Crazilily
Crazilily

Wait did i just watch a five minute advertisment

Pred 15 dňami
Worshipper_of_Kek
Worshipper_of_Kek

I hered about this on Call the Midwife.

Pred 15 dňami
Vence Ibul
Vence Ibul

Thank you Francis K.

Pred 15 dňami
Raiden the cyborg
Raiden the cyborg

The show ends at 4:38

Pred 15 dňami
Sushi Squad ツ
Sushi Squad ツ

Kelsey:Ayy thanks for this drug I'll test it Kelsey:This is bad for you German Company:NO IS NOT (x7)

Pred 15 dňami
hbarudi
hbarudi

So they didn't have pregnancy category levels back in 1960? Something that is considered standard today. Thanks for that to help women decide on medications and for doctors to adjust prescriptions accordingly. Also good that the FDA accepted the decision and not relied on the corporations trying to sell more of the medication.

Pred 15 dňami
TextBox green _plakat everything
TextBox green _plakat everything

Badass women around.

Pred 15 dňami
zackadiax24
zackadiax24

RIP

Pred 15 dňami
Johnyong Hwang
Johnyong Hwang

“salute”

Pred 15 dňami
m4 knowledge
m4 knowledge

Women are not in stem because they are either uninterested and/or the past in which women worked more at home which passed as tradition but hey I'm just guessing.

Pred 16 dňami
Shourya Patel
Shourya Patel

Hey tony

Pred 16 dňami
I'm a cat! Fear me!
I'm a cat! Fear me!

I love this animations art style so much!

Pred 16 dňami
Radhika R
Radhika R

To be frank, all the folks here complaining about the “Gender politics,” at the end are the same kinds of people who would have left a bad taste in Kelsey’s mouth when she had been alive. The taste of cognitive dissonance lol

Pred 16 dňami
SuperMadman41
SuperMadman41

FDA is a gutted shell of itself. Corps bought the politicians who have proceeded to gut all consumer protections. Good luck humans.......

Pred 16 dňami
mon1tor
mon1tor

So she did her job?

Pred 16 dňami
abdullah abdulaziz
abdullah abdulaziz

1914 - 2015...? She died at the age of 101 😲

Pred 16 dňami
[Whatever name goes here]
[Whatever name goes here]

The video should have ended at 4:30 honestly...

Pred 17 dňami
Wouter Meinen
Wouter Meinen

And she lived for 101 years!

Pred 17 dňami
SUSHIL TIRKEY
SUSHIL TIRKEY

So big companies calling solo Marchers bad and pressuring them to submit, that too on a drug that caused freaking birth defects. How cruel are companies

Pred 17 dňami
js357s
js357s

Thank you Dr Kelsey.

Pred 17 dňami
Scout Hammer
Scout Hammer

The DFA is pretty unreasonable nowadays. Things like psilocybin are misclassified… Although they could cure the most horrific mental disorders nowadays that cripple lives every second.. anxiety, depression, ptsd..

Pred 17 dňami
The dirty bubble
The dirty bubble

*She's a real gamer*

Pred 17 dňami
Sandwich_masterX
Sandwich_masterX

"Facts over opinions." H m m . . .

Pred 17 dňami
Muller-Fall, the piece of paper
Muller-Fall, the piece of paper

*Ted-ed is making feminism look good. shame on you*

Pred 17 dňami
J W
J W

I really was enjoying this wonderful exceptional individual's story until identity politics in the STEM fields had to be shoehorned into it. TED, knock it off with the liberal politics, please.

Pred 17 dňami
Chris Hayes
Chris Hayes

Such an inspirational women!

Pred 17 dňami
Nothankyou
Nothankyou

Too late for the Netherlands tho

Pred 17 dňami
Samantha Monaghan
Samantha Monaghan

Steam done right, she didn't have a safe space or battle against unfair tests in school.

Pred 17 dňami
Royal
Royal

She probably sang thank you, next. as she denies each application

Pred 17 dňami
Joshbo5H
Joshbo5H

Facts over opinions. Yes! Oh boy let's hope what they immediately said after is done with facts and statistics, not feelings or opinions.

Pred 18 dňami

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